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The reason is that it’s easier and logical to fix the rate at the date of the acquisition when the goodwill and/or non-controlling interest are calculated.
For example, let’s say that the German company was established on 10 September 2010 with the share capital of EUR 100 000.
You still need to eliminate intragroup balances and transactions, including unrealized profits on intragroup sales and any dividends paid by a subsidiary to a parent. Just a small note: please, do not mess up a functional currency with a presentation currency. It’s a full IFRS learning package with more than 40 hours of private video tutorials, more than 140 IFRS case studies solved in Excel, more than 180 pages of handouts and many bonuses included. Its functional currency is in most cases GBP (exceptions exist), but this company can decide to prepare its financial statements in EUR or USD – they will be the presentation currencies.
If you take action today and subscribe to the IFRS Kit, you’ll get it at discount! Please note that the above table applies when neither functional nor presentation currency are that of a hyperinflationary economy.
Many people assume that exchange differences on intragroup receivables or payables should NOT affect the consolidated profit or loss. In fact, they do affect profit or loss, because the group has some foreign exchange exposure, doesn’t it? UK parent sold goods to the German subsidiary for GBP 10 000 on 30 November 2016 and as of 31 December 2016, the receivable is still open.