In the New World the term refers to a period when permanent settlements were becoming more common and human groups were making the transition from hunting-and-gathering to agriculture. Bronze Age – A prehistoric period in the Old World, dating roughly from 3000-1000 B. E, defined by the widespread use of bronze as a material for tools, weapons, and ornaments. The lids were usually modeled to represent animal-headed gods or the heads of important people.In evolutionary biology, an “archaic” Homo sapien is a hominin (or hominid) who was slightly more primitive than modern humans (Homo sapiens). Bulb of percussion – A small, rounded protrusion on a flake resulting from the blow that separated the flake from its core or another flake. Carbon dating – see Radiocarbon Dating Cardinal Directions – Collective term for the four primary directions: North, South, East, West.This is a good way to search for patterns or changes in soil color or plant density (possible indicators of buried features) that may not be visible to a person walking on the ground.
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Aristocracy – A governing body of upper class citizens or the system of government in which aristocrats (upper class citizens) have controlling power. Bulbar depression – A depression left on the core (where a flake’s bulb of percussion was attached) when a blade or flake was struck off. Ceramics – Objects, often pottery, made of fired or baked clay.
In an aristocracy people are generally born into distinct social classes and there is little or no upward mobility. Chert – A fine-grained sedimentary rock, similar to flint, that is white, pinkish, brown, gray, or blue-gray in color.
Physical anthropologists study human skeletons and other bodily remains.
Biological anthropologists deal primarily with the evolution of humans and primates. “Present” is academically defined as the year 1950 (the year when this term was invented).
Archaeozoology – The study of animal remains, usually bones, from the past. Archaic – In archaeology, this term is often used to designate an early period in a culture’s history. Boat grave – A type of burial in which a body (or cremated remains) is placed in a boat and buried in the ground. Cache (pronounced “cash”) – A collection of objects that was purposefully buried.